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What is CBD (Cannabidiol)?

What is CBD (Cannabidiol)?

During the last decades cannabis cultivation and consumption has been mostly focused on its recreational use due to the psychoactive properties of one its more popular compounds Tetrahydrocannabinol most commonly known as THC; recently with the legalization of medicinal cannabis in many countries another of the plant’s main compounds named Cannabidiol or CBD has gained popularity as well; mainly due to the fact that is has many medicinal properties and therapeutic effects and without the psychoactive effects of THC.  This has made growers and breeders change their main focus of producing cannabis with the highest THC concentrations to increase the amount of CBD these plants are producing through genetic breeding and responsible farming; as this compound is forecasted by many to become the future of natural medicine.
On my previous article we went over the endocannabinoid system (ECS), with CBD being a fundamental part of it but how does it work? Its main function is to increase the levels of anandamide –bliss molecule, through its main mechanism of action that consist of inhibiting an enzyme called Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) which mainly acts on the ECS consuming our natural levels of the bliss molecule anandamide thus increasing its levels in the organism and at the same time increasing all the health benefits that the substance itself offers.
The  main functions of CBD in our bodies are:
– Neuroprotection and neurogenesis
– Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant
– Anxiolytic, antidepressant and antipsychotic
– Antitumoral agent
– Immune response balance
– Homeostasis (physiological balance)
It is well documented in the scientific literature that Cannabidiol provides great therapeutic and even curative benefits in patients with anxiety, depression, diabetes, cancer, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, pain, arthritis, fibromyalgia just to name a few. These findings made the  United Kingdom National Health System had recently recognized CBD as a medicine.
Before going into the details of how to use it I would like to emphasize some very important points:  CBD is safe, non-toxic or addictive, its effects are dose-dependent and through the date, there have not been any adverse effects described in the literature.  The source of your medication is also important as natural cannabidiol is superior to synthetic and as I explained before it does not have any psychoactive properties don’t expect to get high on this natural remedy. Some of the most popular presentations for CBD products  are:
Pure CBD Oil:  100% natural, derived from the stalk of the HEMP plant with the highest concentration and purity available.  It can be consumed orally, sublingually or vaporized. Oral and sublingual come mainly in doses of 50mg  and 100mg while vaporizer usually come in small cartridges between 30 mg and 250mg, this is the most popular form of the administration nowadays due to its ease of use.
CBD Tincture, liquid or spray:  This is diluted in alcohol and other essential oils and natural flavors to improve aroma and therapeutic effects.  Administration form oral or in a spray form and doses are usually between 1 mg -20mg. These ones have the advantage of being more affordable and easy to use making them very popular in the market.
CBD Capsules, pills, and gummies:  in this case, the presentation is very similar to your health supplements and vitamins; the form of administration is oral and can be taken in the mornings or with food, it is ideal for those patients with gastrointestinal problems.
CBD Balms, creams and patches:  Topical forms of CBD are very useful for local symptoms but they don’t have systemic action. You will apply the product directly to the affected area. This type of products falls into the category of luxury or boutique cosmetics as they have essential oils and other high-quality products.
Some basic principles to consider before you start your therapy with CBD:  it should be personalized and the patient should be able to self-medicate using consistent doses of a CBD rich remedy. Others suggestions to keep in mind always when we use medicinal cannabis is that less is more.  This is explained by the fact that each organism will react differently to the same amount of a given substance which is also good to remember always the golden rule: start low and go slow.
Finally where and how do we start our treatment with cannabidiol or CBD?  If you are fortunate to live in a place where medicinal cannabis is legal I will encourage you to get a license from your compassionate doctor, visit your local dispensary and talk to the budtenders. They are trained to provide the patients with knowledgeable advice. If you don’t have this resource available to you I invite you to give an opportunity to the products in our online store; they are made from  100% organic hemp, I have selected them carefully to make sure they have high-quality medicinal CBD and they can be delivered to your door anywhere inside the USA. I will also recommend choosing the form of administration you feel more comfortable with either its oral, sublingual, inhaled or topic and keep a personal record of your experience. If you have questions or suggestions don’t hesitate to reach out or schedule a consultation with me.
F.A.D.
Lifestyle & Cannabis Medicine

References:

https://www.projectcbd.org/

Cannabis Pharmacy, the practical guide to medical marijuana. 2014. Michael Backes.

The Journal of cannabis in clinical practice, spring 2010. J H. Miles.

http://www.cnn.com/2013/08/07/health/charlotte-child-medical-marijuana/index.html

Clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD): can this concept explain therapeutic benefits of cannabis in a migraine, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and other treatment-resistant conditions?  Russo EB.Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2008 Apr; 29(2):192-200.

http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Homeostasis

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